United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon delivered a public address Wednesday morning, Dec. 21, at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, left, addresses the audience on Dec. 21 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. To the right is Jak Tichenor, the interim director of the Paul Simon Public Policy Institute in Carbondale.

UN Secretary-General gives last public address

Appearance held in Southern Illinois

An international diplomat who has delivered some 3,000 to 4,000 speeches over the past 10 years made his last public appearance in Southern Illinois.

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who leaves office at the end of December, delivered his last public lecture at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Ban addressed a capacity audience Wednesday morning, Dec. 21, in the ballrooms at the SIUC Student Center.

The event was free and open to the public. The address also was live-streamed online. A reception in Ban’s honor was held in the International Lounge at the university following his address.

The secretary-general talked, in part, about “What I Have Learned and Would Like to Pass On.” 

SIU officials suggested the topic after learning that his visit to Southern Illinois would be his final public appearance after 10 years of service as the UN secretary-general.

Cosponsors of Ban’s visit were the Office of the Chancellor, the Paul Simon Public Policy Institute and the United Nations Association-USA Southern Illinois Chapter. The university had twice invited Ban to speak on campus.

(The Paul Simon Public Policy Institute is named in honor of the late U.S. Sen. Paul Simon, who lived in Makanda.)

Interim SIU chancellor Brad Colwell said the university was happy to accommodate the secretary-general’s schedule.

“We are honored that the secretary-general accepted our invitation,” Colwell said. 

“I believe he did so because of our strong reputation as a national research university, our rich history of embracing international education, and the important work of the Simon Institute and the United Nations Association-USA Southern Illinois Chapter.”

Colwell introduced Ban to those who had gathered at SIU for the Dec. 21 address.

Ban, born in 1944 in the Republic of Korea, is the eighth secretary-general of the UN. He took office in 2007 and was unanimously re-elected by the General Assembly in 2011.

His priorities as leader of the 193-member international organization have been to mobilize world leaders around a set of new global challenges, from climate change and economic upheaval to pandemics and increasing pressures involving food, energy and water.

At the time of his election as secretary-general, Ban was his country’s minister of foreign affairs and trade. 

His 37 years of service within the ministry included postings in New Delhi, Washington, D.C., and Vienna. 

Ban’s ties to the UN date back to 1975, when he worked for the Foreign Ministry’s United Nations Division.

Excerpts from Remarks Delivered at SIU

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s remarks, as prepared for delivery, at the Southern Illinois University Paul Simon Public Policy Institute in Carbondale, were posted on the UN website. Excerpts from his remarks follow:

Thank you for your warm welcome. I am grateful to Southern Illinois University for inviting me to be here.  

Since I may not be back again any time soon, let me be the first to wish you a very happy 150th anniversary, which you will celebrate in 2019.

Let me also thank you for the gift that SIU bestowed on the United Nations this week: news of its decision to join the United Nations Academic Impact initiative. You now join thousands of schools across the world in an effort to use your research and scholarship to advance United Nations goals. 

I would also like to congratulate the Paul Simon Institute on its twentieth birthday, to be marked next year.  

The Institute’s namesake was a renowned supporter of international education and of active United States engagement across the international agenda.  

I am told he visited more than 100 countries. As someone who has visited more than 150 countries across a decade as Secretary-General, I can tell you, he sounds like my kind of guy.

But, of course, what is most important is not how many miles one travels, but the distance one goes to help people in need.  

Senator Simon represented the United States at United Nations meetings on weapons control under two presidents, (Jimmy) Carter and (Ronald) Reagan.  

In that same bipartisan spirit, he was the driving force behind two foreign assistance laws that have advanced global cooperation in addressing water challenges.

Let me also thank the United Nations Association of Southern Illinois. You and your fellow associations across the world are among the United Nations best allies, linking the global and the local and letting people know that the United Nations works for them.  

So, I am very glad to be in a place where global citizenship is part of the school’s identity and where diversity is in the campus DNA.

I am visiting at a time of transition and uncertainty. Here in the United States, you are preparing to inaugurate a new president.  

At the United Nations, I will soon return to civilian life. There are just 10 days left in my term. My final countdown starts tomorrow.

The world is also undergoing a transition. We are becoming more urban as more people live in cities. We are becoming younger, with the largest generation of youth the world has ever known. And we are striving to make a crucial economic and environmental transition to a safer, more sustainable path of development in order to make peace with the planet and ensure prosperity for people.

I have served during a decade of turmoil. The world suffered the biggest financial collapse since the Great Depression.  

There are more refugees and people in need of humanitarian aid today than at any time since the Second World War.  

Inequality is on the rise, so is violent extremism. Conflicts are growing more protracted. Political polarization is growing more entrenched. 

Shocking crimes have been carried out against civilians caught up in armed conflict, defying the rules of war. Even in peacetime, basic human decency often seems in short supply, as people look and talk past each other.

These challenges have been as numerous and as complicated as any we have seen in United Nations history. We have made important advances. But, of course, the work of the United Nations is never finished and my successor, Secretary-General António Guterres, will face many urgent demands from day one.

The conflict in Syria has defied the efforts of some of the world’s most experienced United Nations mediators.  

The divisions remain profound, between Syrians, among the country’s neighbours and within the international community. I continue to stress that there is no military solution.  

Military success in Aleppo today will not mean peace tomorrow without a political settlement and justice for the crimes this war has witnessed.  

My successor will also face troubling situations in Yemen and Mali. In South Sudan, we are warning about the risk of genocide.  

And almost everywhere, people are concerned about jobs, terrorism and the next extreme storm or outbreak of disease.

Yet, amid this insecurity, there are gains to report. Over the past decade, the United Nations successfully ended peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. We will soon do the same in Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire. We helped ensure a peaceful political transition in Burkina Faso and peaceful elections in Guinea and supported the historic transition in Myanmar. Our diplomatic tools can work.

We have also seen, despite turbulence on many fronts, the world come together to adopt an inspiring new plan for the world’s future – the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Agenda is encapsulated in 17 Sustainable Development Goals – or SDGs – to guide us as we strive to end hunger, empower women, increase access to education and build effective institutions that serve the people. These goals apply to all countries; even the richest have yet to fully conquer discrimination or safeguard the environment.

We are nearing the end of the first year of implementing this 15-year plan. I have been encouraged to see Governments, businesses and people mobilizing behind the SDGs. This work will bring improvements in the daily lives of people across the world and help to address the factors that drive instability and violence.

I also draw hope from the inroads we are making in combating climate change, the defining threat of our time.  

The people of Illinois already know the possible nightmare scenario for your state and the wider midwest region – even more scorching summers, even more extreme flooding, crop failures, worsening air quality and much, much else.

The landmark Paris Agreement on climate change can help us avoid or lessen these and other impacts. But, the Agreement is not just about avoiding doomsday. It points the way towards the jobs and markets of the future. Climate action is already part of the real economy. It is increasingly a major factor in the decisions of investors and businesses.

Climate change is real. The science is settled. As the world faces record warmth, the Paris Agreement has entered into force with rapid speed, embraced by all the world’s leading emitters, including the United States, China, India and the European Union. It is a rare and precious achievement that we should nurture and guard.

In September 2014, I joined several hundred thousand people in New York City who took to the streets to call on world leaders to take climate action. A great portion of the marchers were young people, demanding that my generation do what is necessary to ensure a proper future for theirs.

I was deeply moved by their engagement on this challenge. But, of course, young people are passionate about a great many issues. I have tried to repay that activism with new steps at the United Nations to bring their voices into our deliberations.

I am proud to have appointed the first-ever United Nations Youth Envoy, as well as a Special Envoy for youth employment. The United Nations Security Council has also recognized the importance of youth by adopting one year ago this month its first ever resolution on youth, peace and security. We are determined to work not just for youth, but with youth.

I also draw hope from the spirit that resides right here in Southern Illinois. Later today, I will visit the Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield. One can draw a straight line from the principles that President (Abraham) Lincoln defended to those that animate the United Nations.  

Lincoln was a heroic force for equality, integration and reconciliation. These ideals represent the best spirit of the United States and we desperately need that spirit today.

Another American president has also been a life-long inspiration for me. I had the honour to meet President (John F.) Kennedy in 1962, when I was a teenager visiting the United States, an unforgettable privilege that helped inspire my diplomatic career. In his State of the Union address that year, he spoke of the United Nations in words that resound in our time, too.  

And I quote: “Our instrument and our hope is the United Nations and I see little merit in the impatience of those who would abandon this imperfect world instrument because they dislike our imperfect world. For the troubles of a world organization merely reflect the troubles of the world itself. And if the Organization is weakened, these troubles can only increase.” 

Senator Simon, for his part, once said that the United Nations, and again, I quote, “has provided opportunities for nations to work together more, an opportunity too often ignored."

At the end of a decade, I have a profound sense of the great achievements that are possible when nations work together more, but also what happens when nations ignore our common interests and shared values.  

So many people are suffering. So much is at stake. But, so much is possible. This has been a decade in which collective action has changed hundreds of millions of lives for the better. Inclusive international cooperation solves problems, promotes peace and recognizes diversity as a strength.

I grew up in war-torn Korea. The United Nations brought food and medicine. More than that, it brought a message that we were not alone. The United Nations was our beacon of hope. For the past 10 years, I have tried to keep that beacon alight for others.

As I pass the baton to my successor, the United Nations will count on the United States and all countries to pull together at this consequential time for peace, prosperity and human rights for all. With passion and compassion, we can achieve our goals.

The Gazette-Democrat

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